Cultural Revolution and Industrial Organization in China
It is Charles Bettelheim’s contention here that the primary aim of the Cultural Revolution in China was to begin the process of transforming the age-old pattern of the division of labour, thus opening up a new chapter in the history of the human race. He reports his own first-hand observations and inquiries at a Peking textile factory, showing the ways in which workers have been increasingly drawn into the tasks of management. He also examines the planning system at its federal, provincial, and local levels, concentrating on the extent and modes of popular participation.
“This significant report highlights an aspect of the Cultural Revolution about which too little has been heard; namely, the results of Chinese efforts to fundamentally change the organization of industrial work, its location, and management patterns. The extent and originality of these changes, not only in factories but throughout the planning system, is carefully analyzed in terms of the implications for China’s future development and for other societies. Bettelheim’s analysis, which proceeds from research conducted in China, is reinforced by comparative studies of India and the Soviet Union. The fine part of the book weighs the historical significance of the Cultural Revolution and presents some new, provocative conclusions. Among the few works on China addressed from a socialist theoretical perspective, this one makes a definite contribution to our understanding.”
— Library Journal
Hundred Day War: The Cultural Revolution at Tsinghua University
This book presents with graphical detail the events unfolding in the Tsinghua University during 1966-1968 and in the process it attempts to show how the debates which were carried out during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution for waging sustained struggle against the bourgeois values and institutions in all the fields of superstructure including politics, education and culture and against the capitalist-roaders, for creating an environment of broad mass participation by unleashing the mass initiative in the struggle and for maintaining the proletarian dictatorship in all the fields of superstructure were manifesting on the ground level and how the two line struggle in the field of education was taking the shape of a broad mass movement. The book contains an effective description of the nature of the old revisionist education in Tsinghua University and why and how the common students rose to struggle against it! How the question of political consciousness was resolved in practice during the struggle; how the two-line struggle took place among the students; how the ultra left-wing deviation emerged during the struggle between left and right in the movement and how it was eventually defeated; how the revolutionary transformation of students and teachers was unfolding during the struggle; how people were changing themselves in the process of changing the things and how the working class made decisive intervention in class struggle in the field of education. All this is detailed in this book in the form of a very interesting reportage.
Mao Tse-tung’s Last Great Battle
The Cultural Revolution at Peking University
While heralding the Cultural Revolution when Mao Tse-tung gave the slogan of ‘Bombard the Bourgeois Headquarters’ and called upon the masses, communist cadres and revolutionary youths to struggle against the bourgeois line in all arenas of superstructure including education and culture and ensure the victory of proletarian line, then Peking University was one among the university campuses that were most influenced by this. The reason was that the Peking University was at the centre of socialist experiments in the field of education and the two-line struggle right from the 1949 revolution and especially during the periods of the Great Leap Forward and the Hundred Flowers Movement.
In this book, Victor Nee has discussed the Educational Revolution of 1958 as a background. While discussing the old vestiges and elitism developed in the field of education till the period of the Great Socialist Education Movement which was started before the Cultural Revolution during the period of 1958–1964, he has also given an authentic account of the development of the Left-wing opposition against it. While describing in detail the events taking place in Peking University from September 1965 to August 1966, Victor Nee has shown how the wave of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution overwhelmed the campus and how the two line struggle on the question of education took the form of a general mass movement there. This book only focuses on the initial brief period of the Cultural Revolution. The Peking University continued to be an important storm-centre of the next phases of the Cultural Revolution till 1976. However, despite being an account of only the initial few months of the Cultural Revolution, this book has succeeded in portraying how the class struggle was going on in practice at that time in all the arenas of superstructure including education and culture; how the broad masses were participating in it and how the rapid revolutionary transformation was taking place in people’s consciousness.
They Made Revolution Within The Revolution
Turning Point in China: An Essay on the Cultural Revolution
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