Capitalism and Agriculture
This selection of V.I. Lenin’s writings on capitalism and agriculture is reprinted from the 1946 edition published by International Publishers, New York. The footnotes by the editor are prepared by International Publishers.
In capitalism and agriculture, Lenin deals with a Narodnik writer who had criticised Kautsky’s book on the Agrarian question (written at a time when Kautsky was still a Marxist). Lenin makes clear a number of fundamental characteristics of development of capitalist in agriculture — the proportion of constant to variable capital increases in agriculture, as in industry; there takes place a concentration of land-ownership in the hands of landlords and mortgage corporations; large scale productions supplants small scale, not merely by increase in the area of farms but by increase of intensity of production on a small area: there is growth of wage labour and utilisation of machinery.
Class Struggles in France
Critique of the Gotha Programme
Cultural Revolution and Industrial Organization in China
It is Charles Bettelheim’s contention here that the primary aim of the Cultural Revolution in China was to begin the process of transforming the age-old pattern of the division of labour, thus opening up a new chapter in the history of the human race. He reports his own first-hand observations and inquiries at a Peking textile factory, showing the ways in which workers have been increasingly drawn into the tasks of management. He also examines the planning system at its federal, provincial, and local levels, concentrating on the extent and modes of popular participation.
“This significant report highlights an aspect of the Cultural Revolution about which too little has been heard; namely, the results of Chinese efforts to fundamentally change the organization of industrial work, its location, and management patterns. The extent and originality of these changes, not only in factories but throughout the planning system, is carefully analyzed in terms of the implications for China’s future development and for other societies. Bettelheim’s analysis, which proceeds from research conducted in China, is reinforced by comparative studies of India and the Soviet Union. The fine part of the book weighs the historical significance of the Cultural Revolution and presents some new, provocative conclusions. Among the few works on China addressed from a socialist theoretical perspective, this one makes a definite contribution to our understanding.”
— Library Journal
Economic Problems of Socialism in the U.S.S.R.
Five Essays on Philosophy
Foundations of Leninism
“The foundation of Leninism is a big subject. To exhaust it a whole volume would be required. Indeed, a number of volumes would be required. Naturally, therefore, my lectures cannot be an exhaustive exposition of Leninism; at best they can only offer a concise synopsis of the foundations of Leninism. Nevertheless, I consider it useful to give a synopsis, in order to lay down some basic points of departure necessary for the successful study of Leninism.”
Fundamentals of Political Economy
‘Fundamentals of Political Economy’ is a popular introductory economics text published in the People’s Republic of China in 1974 by the Shanghai People’s Press. It has come to be known popularly as the “Shanghai Textbook.” It explains the fundamental principles of Marxist political economy in a very simple and comprehensible manner and presents a thorough analysis of the bourgeois mode of production. And most of all, the thorough investigation of the mode of production of Socialism, the socio-economic formation, the class relations, the base and the superstructure during the period of socialist transition, that Mao presented for the first time, based on his summation of the experiences of the Socialist experiments in the Soviet Union and China and the thoughts of Marx, Engels and Lenin. Not only does this book positively present a correct Marxist exposition of historical materialism and Marxist political economy as opposed to its distortion by the revisionists (for instance, Liyontief’s textbook on political economy published in Khrushchev’s period and various textbooks published in Brezhnev’s period), but also presents a positive criticism of the deviations that appeared in the field of political economy owing to the some mechanistic and metaphysical tendencies originating in the erroneous understanding of Marxist philosophy in Stalin’s period and essentially because of these reasons of the mistake of failing to understand the real nature of Socialist society, production relations and the continuity of the class struggle during Socialist transition. Therefore, it will not be an exaggeration to say that this is a representative textbook of political economy of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism.
Historical Writings — Karl Marx & Frederick Engels Vol. I
This volume is a collection of Historical Writings of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. All of them were written immediately after the events of which they treat. They contain a masterly analysis of the historical events of the time. On the basis of concrete material, Marx gives striking examples of the materialist explanation of history. Each one of these works is a masterly historical investigation. But the theoretical analysis of the events does not by any means exhaust the significance of these historical works. Marx’s work as historical investigator is intimately bound up with the practical struggle of the proletariat. Marx was not only a scientific investigator, he was above all the leader of the proletariat, the leader of its vanguard—the Communist Party. Historical research and a scientific explanation of the facts of the class struggle provide the foundation for the strategy and tactics of the proletarian party, the party that leads the struggle of the proletariat for power, for the overthrow of the bourgeoisie, for the complete transformation of society.
Materials for study of Marx’s activity as leader of the Party will also be found by the reader in the Party documents and letters that are included in the present volume. The writings and documents collected in this edition give the reader sufficient material for studying the foundations of the theory and policy of scientific communism as created and developed by Marx and Engels.
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